Nanomaterials hazards

In Silico Analysis of Nanomaterials Hazard and Risk

Abstract Image† Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering Department and Center for Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90064, United States

‡ Departament d’Enginyeria Informatica i Matematiques, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Av. Paisos Catalans 26, 43007 Tarragona, Catalunya, Spain

Acc. Chem. Res., 2013, 46 (3), pp 802–812

DOI: 10.1021/ar300049e

*To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: Telephone: (310) 825-8766.



Because a variety of human-related activities, engineer-ed nanoparticles (ENMs) may be released to various environmental media and may cross environmental boundaries, and thus will be found in most media. Therefore, the potential environmental impacts of ENMs must be assessed from a multimedia perspective and with an integrated risk management approach that considers rapid developments and increasing use of new nanomaterials.

Cover ImageAccordingly, this Account presents a rational process for the integration of in silico ENM toxicity and fate and transport analyses for environmental impact assessment. This approach requires knowledge of ENM toxicity and environmental exposure concentrations. Considering the large number of current different types of ENMs and that those numbers are likely to increase, there is an urgent need to accelerate the evaluation of their toxicity and the assessment of their potential distribution in the environment.

Developments in high throughput screening (HTS) are now enabling the rapid generation of large data sets for ENM toxicity assessment. However, these analyses require the establishment of reliable toxicity metrics, especially when HTS includes data from multiple assays, cell lines, or organisms. Establishing toxicity metrics with HTS data requires advanced data processing techniques in order to clearly identify significant biological effects associated with exposure to ENMs.

HTS data can form the basis for developing and validating toxicity models (e.g., quantitative structure–activity relationships) and for generating data-driven hypotheses to aid in establishing and/or validating possible toxicity mechanisms. To correlate the toxicity of ENMs with their physicochemical properties, researchers will need to develop quantitative structure–activity relationships for nanomaterials (i.e., nano-SARs). However, as nano-SARs are applied in regulatory applications, researchers must consider their applicability and the acceptance level of false positive relative to false negative predictions and the reliability of toxicity data.

Safety of Nanomaterials Along Their Lifecycle: Release, Exposure and Human Hazards
Book (CRC Press)

Tweaking solar cells w/quantum dots

by Citizen_J

Potential 45% increase in efficiency
Researchers from the University at Buffalo, Army Research Laboratory and Air Force Office of Scientific Research have developed a new, nanomaterials-based technology that has the potential to increase the efficiency of photovoltaic cells up to 45 percent. Specifically, the researchers have shown that embedding charged quantum dots into solar cells can improve electrical output by enabling the cells to harvest infrared light, and by increasing the lifetime of photoelectrons

Contrast Media/Contrast Agents Market (Radiology, Interventional Radiology ..  — PR Web

CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform Approaches to Safe Nanotechnology: Managing the Health and Safety Concerns Associated with Engineered Nanomaterials
Book (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform)
CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform Current Intelligence Bulletin 60: Interim Guidance for Medical Screening and Hazard Surveillance for Workers Potentially Exposed to Engineered Nanoparticles
Book (CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform)
William Andrew Assessing Nanoparticle Risks to Human Health (Micro and Nano Technologies)
Book (William Andrew)
Academic Press Handbook of Nanosafety: Measurement, Exposure and Toxicology (Gama Network Series)
eBooks (Academic Press)
Related Posts