Nanomaterials Viswanathan

Nanomaterials‐supported Pt catalysts for proton exchange membrane fuel cells

1 Serrano, E, Rus, G, García‐Martínez, J. Nanotechnology for sustainable energy. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2009, 13:2373–2384.
2 Smalley, RE.Future global energy prosperity: the terawatt challenge.MRS Bull 2005, 30:412–417.
3 Costamagna, P, Srinivasan, S. Quantum jumps in the PEMFC science and technology from the 1960s to the year 2000: part II. Engineering, technology development and application aspects. J Power Sources 2001, 102:253–269.
4 U.S. Department of Energy. Multi‐year research, development and demonstration plan: planned program activities for 2003–2010. Available At: (Accessed June 6, 2003).
5 Stamenkovic, VR, Fowler, B, Mun, BS, Wang, G, Ross, PN, Lucas, CA, Markovi, NM. Improved oxygen reduction activity on Pt3Ni(111) via increased surface site availability. Science 2007, 315:493–497.
6 Zhou, J, Zhou, X, Sun, X, Li, R, Murphy, M, Ding, Z, Sun, X, Sham, T‐K. Interaction between Pt nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes—an X‐ray absorption near edge structures (XANES) study. Chem Phys Lett 2007, 437:229–232.
7 Shao, Y, Yin, G, Wang, Z, Gao, Y. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell from low temperature to high temperature: material challenges. J Power Sources 2007, 167:235–242.
8 Sun, X, Li, R, Villers, D, Dodelet, JP, Desilets, S. Composite electrodes made of Pt nanoparticles deposited on carbon nanotubes grown on fuel cell backings. Chem Phys Lett 2003, 379:99–104.
9 Ajayan, PM, Zhou, OZ. Applications of carbon nanotubes. Topics Appl Phys 2001, 80:391–425.
10 Shao, Y, Liu, J, Wang, Y, Lin, Y. Novel catalyst support materials for PEM fuel cells: current status and future prospects. J Mater Chem 2009, 19:46–59.
11 Chen, WX, Lee, JY, Liu, Z. Microwave‐assisted synthesis of carbon supported Pt nanoparticles for fuel cell applications. Chem Commun 2002, 2588–2589.
12 Ralph, TR, Hogarth, MP. Catalysis for low temperature fuel cells. Platinum Met Rev 2002, 46:3–14.
13 Yang, G‐W, Gao, G‐Y, Zhao, G‐Y, Li, H‐L. Effective adhesion of Pt nanoparticles on thiolated multi‐walled carbon nanotubes and their use for fabricating electrocatalysts. Carbon 2007, 45:3036–3041.
14 Yin, S, Shen, P, Song, S, Jiang, S. Functionalization of carbon nanotubes by an effective intermittent microwave heatingassisted HF/H2O2 treatment for electrocatalyst support of fuel cells. Electrochim Acta 2009, 54:6954–6958.
15 Borup, R, Meyers, J, Pivovar, B, Kim, YS, Mukundan, R, Garland, N, Myers, D, Wilson, M, Garzon, F, Wood, D, Zelenay, P, More, K, Stroh, K, Zawodzinski, T, Boncella, J, McGrath, JE, Inaba, M, Miyatake, K, Hori, M, Ota, K, Ogumi, Z, Miyata, S, Nishikata, A, Siroma, Z, Uchimoto, Y, Yasuda, K, Kimijima, K‐I, Iwashita, N. Scientific aspects of polymer electrolyte fuel cell durability and degradation. Chem Rev 2007, 107:3904–3951.
16 Ajayan, PM, Zhou, OZ. Applications of carbon nanotubes. Topics Appl Phys 2001, 80:391–425.
17 Li, WZ, Liang, CH, Zhou, WJ, Qiu, JS, Zhou, ZH, Sun, GQ, Q. Xin. Preparation and characterization of multi‐walled carbon nanotube‐supported platinum for cathode catalysts of direct dethanol fuel cells. J Phys Chem B 2003, 107:6292–6299.
18 He, Z, Chen, J, Liu, D, Zhou, H, Kuang, Y. Electrodeposition of Pt–Ru nanoparticles on carbon nanotubes and their electrocatalytic properties for methanol electrooxidation. Diamond Relat Mater 2004, 13:1764–1770.
19 Wu, G, Chen, YS, Xu, BQ. Remarkable support effect of SWNTs in Pt catalyst for methanol electrooxidation. Electrochem Commun 2005, 7:1237–1243.
20 Liu, Z, Lin, X, Lee, JY, Zhang, W, Han, M, Gan, LM. Preparation and characterization of platinum‐based electrocatalysts on multi‐walled carbon nanotubes for proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Langmuir 2002, 18:4054–4060.
21 Rajalakshmi, N, Ryu, H, Shaijumon, MM, Ramaprabhu, S. Performance of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells with carbon nanotubes as oxygen reduction catalyst support material. J Power Sources 2005, 140:250–257.
22 Matsumoto, T, Komatsu, T, Nakanoa, H, Arai, K, Nagashima, Y, Yooa, E, Yamazaki, T, Kijima, M, Shimizu, H, Takasawa, Y, Nakamura, J. Efficient usage of highly dispersed Pt on carbon nanotubes for electrode catalysts of polymer electrolyte fuel cells. Catal Today 2004, 90:277–281.
23 Villers, D, Sun, SH, Serventi, AM, Dodelet, JP. Characterization of Pt nanoparticles deposited onto carbon nanotubes grown on carbon paper and evaluation of this electrode for the reduction of oxygen. J Phys Chem B 2006, 110:5.
24 Saha, MS, Li, R, Sun, X. High loading and monodispersed Pt nanoparticles on multiwalled carbon nanotubes for high performance proton exchange membrane fuel cells. J Power Sources 2008, 177:314–322.
25 Hernández‐Fernández, P, Montiel, M, Ocón, P, Gómez de la Fuente, JL, García‐Rodríguez, S, Rojas, S, Fierro, JLG. Functionalization of multi‐walled carbon nanotubes and application as supports for electrocatalysts in proton‐exchange membrane fuel cell. Appl Catalysis B: Environ 2010, 99:343–352.
26 Yuan, Y, Smith, JA, Goenaga, G, Liu, D‐J, Luo, Z, Liu, J. Platinum decorated aligned carbon nanotubes: electrocatalyst for improved performance of proton exchange membrane fuel cells. J Power Sources 2011, 196:6160–6167.
27 Saha, M, Chen, Y, Li, R, Sun, X. Enhancement of PEMFC performance by using carbon nanotubes supported Pt–Co alloy catalysts. Asia‐Pacific J Chem Eng 2009, 4:12–16.
28 Girishkumar, G, Rettker, M, Underhile, R, Binz, D, Vinodgopal, K, McGinn, P, Kamat, P. Single‐wall carbon nanotube‐based proton exchange membrane assembly for hydrogen fuel cells. Langmuir 2005, 21:8487–8494.
29 Wang, X, Waje, M, Yan, Y. CNT‐based electrodes with high efficiency for PEMFCs. Electrochem Solid‐State Lett 2005, 8:A42–A44.
30 Wang, C, Waje, M, Wang, X, Tang, JM, Haddon, RC, Yan, Y. Proton exchange membrane fuel cells with carbon nanotube based electrodes. Nano Lett 2004, 4:345–348.
31 Steigerwalt, ES, Deluga, GA, Lukehart, CM. Pt‐Ru/carbon fiber nanocomposites: synthesis, characterization, and performance as anode catalysts of direct methanol fuel cells. A search for exceptional performance. J Phys Chem B 2002, 106:760–766.
32 Golikand, AN, Lohrasbi, E, Asgari, M. Enhancing the durability of multi‐walled carbon nanotube supported by Pt and Pt–Pd nanoparticles in gas diffusion electrodes. Inter J Hydro Energy 2010, 35:9233–9240.
33 Iijima, S. Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon. Nature 1991, 354:56.
34 Dresselhaus, MS, Dai, H. Special issue on carbon nanotubes. MRS Bull 2004, 29:237–281.
35 Beguin, F, Ehrburger, P. Special issue on carbon nanotubes. Carbon 2002, 40:1619–1842.
36 Harris, PJF. Carbon Nanotubes and Related Structures: New Materials for the 21st Century. Cambridge, UK:

Cambridge University Press; 1999.

See also:
Elsevier Nanomaterials for Medical Applications
Book (Elsevier)
  • Used Book in Good Condition

Paper battery?

by edsdesk

Mon Dec 7, 4:28 pm ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Ordinary paper could one day be used as a lightweight battery to power the devices that are now enabling the printed word to be eclipsed by e-mail, e-books and online news.
Scientists at Stanford University in California reported on Monday they have successfully turned paper coated with ink made of silver and carbon nanomaterials into a "paper battery" that holds promise for new types of lightweight, high-performance energy storage.
The same feature that helps ink adhere to paper allows it to hold onto the single-walled carbon nanotubes and silver nanowire films

Some ... some not.

by setArcos

Biotechnology, bioinformatics
Emerging technology
Genetic engineering
Synthetic biology, synthetic genomics
Artificial photosynthesis
Anti-aging drugs: resveratrol, SRT1720
Vitrification or cryoprotectant
Hibernation or suspended animation
Stem cell treatments
Personalized medicine
Body implants, prosthesis
In vitro meat
Regenerative medicine
[edit] Energy systems
Emerging technology
Concentrated solar power includes thermal

Engineers develop new materials for hydrogen storage  — R & D Magazine
“We are looking for solid materials that can store and release hydrogen easily,” said Olivia Graeve, a professor at the Jacobs School of Engineering at UC San Diego, who has gained international recognition as a nanomaterials manufacturing expert.

Related Posts