Characterization of Nanocomposite materials

Study Structure and Properties of Nanocomposite Material Based on

1Polymer and Composites Research Group, Department of Material Science, University of Science, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2Department of Physical Chemistry, University of Science, 227-Nguyen Van Cu Road, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
3Laboratoire des Matériaux Organiques à Propriétés Spécifiques, UMR 5041 CNRS-Université de Savoie, Savoie Technolac, 73276 Le Bourget du Lac, France

In recent years, polymer clay nanocomposites have been attracting considerable interests in polymers science because of their advantages. There are many scientists who researched about this kind of material and demonstrated that when polymer matrix was added to little weight of clay, properties were enhanced considerably. Because clay is a hydrophilic substance so it is difficult to use as filler in polymer matrix having hydrophobic nature, so clay needs to be modified to become compatible with polymer. In this study, poly(ethylene oxide) was used as a new modifier for clay to replace some traditional ionic surfactants such as primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary alkyl ammonium or alkylphosphonium cations having the following disadvantages: disintegrate at high temperature, catalyze polymer degradation, and make nanoproducts colorific, and so forth. In order to evaluate modifying effect of poly(ethylene oxide), modified clay products were characterize d by X-ray spectrum. Then organoclay was used to prepare nanocomposite based on unsaturated polyester. Morphology and properties of nanocomposites were measure d by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, tensile strength, and thermal stability. The results showed that clay galleries changed to intercalated state in the nanocomposites. Properties of nanocomposites were improved a lot when the loading of the organoclay was used at 1 phr.

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