Polymer clay nanocomposites Applications

Nanocomposites and Recent Applications



Nanocomposites are becoming an ever increasingly important material for various products. Their size gives them unique structural, thermal, and conductive properties versus traditional composites. Nanocomposites are being developed to deliver drugs, function as new flexible batteries, and as the next generation of building materials. Nanocomposites can be tailored to work for certain applications and materials, and when incorporated into porous materials they gain additional properties. The research presented below has many similarities in the area and approach, and it is argued that there needs to be a more diverse range of investigation in order to further this promising composite.


Nanocomposites, although highly technical sounding, have been around since the time of the Maya civilization, who inhabited Central America. Nanocomposites are, as the term suggests, composite materials containing nanosized (n, 10^-9) particles [12]. Composites, as a reference, are mixtures of several materials which give the final product characteristics of all the mixed materials. Basic examples of composites include wood, mud and straw, bone, etc [10]. Nanocomposites have gained popularity in recent years due to their unique characteristics. However, evidence of basic nanocomposites can be traced back to just several hundred years AD during the time of the Maya. The Maya people created a blue paint from local clays and other organic products which resist acids, heat, and aging [11].nano3 Nanocomposites and Recent Applications 1) inside its matrix which gave it these characteristics [11]. While this example of a nanocomposite was not one which was created intentionally, nanocomposites of various types are readily being created in labs and industrial settings for a multitude of applications. This review will compare and contrast the various common types of nanocomposites being created and postulate on the future of this material technology.

The unique characteristics of composites and nanocomposites, in particular for the purpose of this review, appeal to a wide variety of industries. Nanocomposites are currently being researched and developed for use in medical settings, new structural materials, energy storage, as strengthened coatings, and much more. Some common nano based materials include carbon nanotubes, polymers, and other organic or inorganic based materials such as hydroxyapatite which is commonly used in medical applications, or metal nitrides for industrial machining applications [3, 7]. The type of nano compound utilized mainly depends on the composites’ final application, as well as the desired end characteristics. In this review three broad categories of nanocomposites and their active areas of use and development will be discussed: medical, energy based, and materials orientated.

The rapidly expanding field of Biomedical Engineering has begun to incorporate nanocomposites for use, often temporarily, as bone and tissue replacements [5, 7]. These materials often adopt the name, bionanocomposites and differ from traditional uses for nanocomposites in a specific way. The nature of human bone and tissue regeneration requires a nanocomposite that biodegrades over time, and allows the patients’ own system to take over. In addition, these nanocomposites must be biocompatible with the human body, thus creating no undesired reactions or interactions [7].

LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing Emulsion based Polymer/Clay Nanocomposites: Synthesis, Characterization and Application in Leather Finishing
Book (LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing)

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Nanjundan Ashok Kumar, Sung Hun Kim, Jong Tae Kim, Kwon Taek Lim, Yeon Tae Jeong (2008) Study on cluster formation of poly 2- hydroxyethyl methacrylate functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes Surface Review and letters 15: 5. 1-9 October
Nanjundan Ashok Kumar, Hullathy Subban Ganapathy, Jong Su Kim, Yong Seok Jeong, Yeon Tae Jeong (2008) Preparation of poly 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate functionalized carbon nanotubes as novel biomaterial nanocomposites European Polymer Journal 44: 3. 579-586 March
Young Hwan Park, Nanjundan Ashok Kumar, Ji Young Kim, Jong Tae Kim, Kwon Taek Lim, Yeon Tae Jeong...

Contrast Media/Contrast Agents Market (Radiology, Interventional Radiology ..  — PR Web

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