What are Nanomaterials GCSE?

Nanomaterials and integrated electronics

Nanomaterials are those broadly defined as having tiny components with at least one measurement below 100 nm. Sometimes nanomaterials are used as thin films or surface coatings, as on computer chips or as nanowires, nanotubes, or as blobs of tiny nanocrystalline particles.

In the clothing sector special functional textiles are under development, for example self-cleaning textile surfaces or protective insulating clothing. Antimicrobial silver nanoparticles are already used in socks, shoe insoles and a few clothing textiles. By using nanostructured polymer coatings on textile surfaces, textiles and other products may be enhanced to include new properties like these listed below.

Two key factors cause the properties of nanomaterials to be special: their quantum effects and their structure. Their tiny structure means they have a greater relative surface area than other materials and this can alter or improve properties such as strength and electrical characteristics or reactivity. Their quantum effect can affect the electrical, magnetic or optical performance.

Properties vary but can include improvements such as:

  • magnetic/optical performance
  • electrical conductivity
  • strength/elasticity
  • thermal conductivity
  • absorbency

This has resulted in the development of:

  • harder and tougher tools
  • water-repellent and anti-bacterial coatings
  • wear- and scratch-resistant hard coatings
  • UV absorbent and reflective transparent-looking nanosized titanium dioxide and zinc oxide in some sunscreens
  • a military battle suit that that will withstand blast waves (currently being developed by the Institute of Soldier Nanotechnologies at MIT)

Nanomaterial finishes

These new technologies are available:

Nanomaterial finishes Characteristics Uses

UV-absorbers for fabrics: protects fabrics from degradation, protects against sunburn of wearer.

ZANO is a fungistat.

  • Summer clothing
  • Hammocks
  • Tents
  • Mountain wear
  • Climbing wear
  • Sportswear



UV-absorbers for fabrics: protects fabrics from degradation, protects against sunburn of wearer.
  • Umbrellas
  • Swimwear
NanoGrain TiO2 (rutile) or Optisol Partial UV-absorbers for fabrics, protects fabrics from degradation, protects against sunburn of wearer.
Silicon-Based Low-Dimensional Nanomaterials and Nanodevices, 2 Volume Set: Silicon-Based Low-Dimensional Nanodevices and Applications
Book (CRC Press)

Paper battery?

by edsdesk

Mon Dec 7, 4:28 pm ET
WASHINGTON (Reuters) – Ordinary paper could one day be used as a lightweight battery to power the devices that are now enabling the printed word to be eclipsed by e-mail, e-books and online news.
Scientists at Stanford University in California reported on Monday they have successfully turned paper coated with ink made of silver and carbon nanomaterials into a "paper battery" that holds promise for new types of lightweight, high-performance energy storage.
The same feature that helps ink adhere to paper allows it to hold onto the single-walled carbon nanotubes and silver nanowire films

Some ... some not.

by setArcos

Biotechnology, bioinformatics
Emerging technology
Genetic engineering
Synthetic biology, synthetic genomics
Artificial photosynthesis
Anti-aging drugs: resveratrol, SRT1720
Vitrification or cryoprotectant
Hibernation or suspended animation
Stem cell treatments
Personalized medicine
Body implants, prosthesis
In vitro meat
Regenerative medicine
[edit] Energy systems
Emerging technology
Concentrated solar power includes thermal

Graphene: fundamentals and emergent applications  — Chemistry World
In this context, the text offers an extremely timely and valuable perspective on the first of these materials to attain such enormous attention and is an excellent reference by which to direct analogous research towards other two-dimensional nanomaterials.

Silicon-Based Low-Dimensional Nanomaterials and Nanodevices, 2 Volume Set
Book (CRC Press)
Nanoscale Science and Technology Graphene : a new two-dimensional carbon nanomaterials(Chinese Edition)
Book (Science Press)
Pan Stanford Publishing Two-Dimensional Carbon: Fundamental Properties, Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications (Pan Stanford Series on Carbon-Based Nanomaterials)
Book (Pan Stanford Publishing)
CRC Press Two-Dimensional Nanostructures
Book (CRC Press)
Related Posts