Hybrid nanostructures

Compositional Variation Within Hybrid Nanostructures

The inherently high surface area of bimetallic nanoparticles makes them especially attractive materials for heterogeneous catalysis. The ability to selectively grow these and other types of nanoparticles on a desired surface is ideal for the fabrication of higher-order nanoscale architectures. However, the growth mechanism for bimetallic nanoparticles on a surface is expected to be quite different than that for free particles in solution. The altered growth process can lead to modulations in stoichiometry, elemental homogeneity, and surface structure, all of which can profoundly affect the catalytic or magnetic properties of the bimetallic nanoparticles. Now, researchers have experimentally observed these subtle structural differences through x-ray absorption spectroscopic studies at ALS Beamline 10.3.2. The results illustrate how directed nanoparticle growth on specific surfaces can lead to hybrid nanomaterials with a structurally different bimetallic component than its unhybridized counterpart.

Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image of PtCo–CdS hybrid nanostructures, with high-resolution TEM inset.

Platinum-based bimetallic alloys (such as PtNi, PtCo, PtRu, etc.) have been studied in the bulk form for some time and have been found to exhibit vastly different properties than their individual constituent metals. This is particularly true in catalysis, where Pt-based bimetallic alloys have shown enhanced oxygen reduction activity or accelerated rates of alkene hydrogenation. The catalytic activity of these materials is dependent on the surface structure, and although bimetallic materials are rather well understood in the bulk form, the picture becomes less clear when these materials reach nanoscale dimensions.

Additionally, the ability to directly integrate a metallic nanoparticle with a semiconductor structure is highly desirable. The formation of such hierarchical hybrid nanostructures can allow for new properties and applications that are not available with just the individual components. However, until recently, it was unclear what effect surface-directed nanoparticle growth would have on the structure of a bimetallic nanoparticle, particularly on its surface composition.

Using a novel, recently developed synthesis technique, the researchers fabricated hybrid nanostructures consisting of cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanorods with PtCo nanoparticles grown selectively on the nanorod tips. The structure of these hybrid nanomaterials was compared to free-standing PtCo nanoparticles synthesized by conventional solution-phase methods, using a combination of x-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) and extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) spectroscopies at the Pt L3- and Co K-edges and x-ray diffraction measurements. Because...

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Springer Quantum Materials, Lateral Semiconductor Nanostructures, Hybrid Systems and Nanocrystals (NanoScience and Technology)
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Well, a little bit, anyway.

by maddr69

I mean, the construction is completely different, the electrolyte is different, the substrate is different. It's still a "battery," though, so it still has all those elements. I know that paper is made from wood, but that doesn't mean it IS wood. They didn't just take a carbon-zinc battery and stick a piece of wood in the middle, or between the battery and the can.
"Dr. Liangbing Hu, Teng Li, Hongli Zhu, and the rest of the research team used microscopic wood fibers that have been flattened out into thin sheets and coated with a layer of tin. The team also used sodium instead of lithium to make the battery more environment-friendly

— Sourceable
Carbon-based nanostructures are already being used as materials in solar cells with increasing frequency, yet their ability to enhance electrical performance has thus far been hampered by limited ability to assemble orderly networks using the materials.

LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing Design of hybrid nanostructures via electrostatic assembly: In solutions and at interfaces
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Springer Theory of Quantum Transport in Metallic and Hybrid Nanostructures (Nato Science Series II: (closed))
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LAP Lambert Academic Publishing Core-Shell Hybrid Nanostructures from Block Copolymers: Encapsulation and One-Dimensional Alignment of Nanomaterials within Cross-Linked Block Copolymer Micelles
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